The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Earth and environmental sciences cover all aspects of Earth and planetary sciences, and broadly encompasses solid Earth processes, surface and atmospheric dynamics, Earth system history, climate change, marine and freshwater systems, and ecology. It also considers the interactions between humans and these systems. Current research includes: Understanding astronomical forcing of climate change records as recorded in oceanic sediments, Change in the magnitude and mechanisms of global temperature variability with warming , Biogeochemical cycling of stable isotopes and elements in marine and terrestrial systems, applying geochemical methods for conducting societally relevant research and many more. Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as evidenced by increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, the widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea level. The scientific opinion is expressed in synthesis reports, by scientific bodies of national or international standing, and by surveys of opinion among climate scientists.
- Track 1-1 Climate change impacts on agriculture
- Track 1-2 Effects of CO2 on plant growth
- Track 1-3 eGain forecasting
- Track 1-4 Impacts of Toxicology
- Track 1-5 Climate Hazards
- Track 1-6 Ecosystem based adaptation
In the scientific study Restoration ecology is the practice of renewing and restoring degraded, damaged, or destroyed ecosystems and habitats in the environment by active human intervention and action. There is consensus in the scientific community that the current environmental degradation and destruction of many of the Earth's biota is considerable and is taking place on a "catastrophically short timescale". Estimates of the current extinction rate is 1,000 to 10,000 times more than the normal rate. For many people, biological diversity, (biodiversity) has an intrinsic value that humans have a responsibility towards other living things and an obligation to future generations. Current research includes : A synthesis of soil carbon and nitrogen recovery after wetland restoration and creation in the United States, Comparing the plant diversity between artificial forest and nature growth forest, Deep carbon storage potential of buried floodplain soils etc.
- Track 2-1 Causes of Environmental Degradation
- Track 2-2 Consequences of Environmental Degradation
- Track 2-3 Restoration of Degraded Ecosystems
- Track 2-4 Forest Lands
- Track 2-5 Restoration of Agricultural Lands
Renewable energy - wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric, and biomass which provides substantial benefits for our climate, our health, and our economy. The United States currently relies heavily on coal, oil, and natural gas for its energy. Fossil fuels are non-renewable, that is, they draw on finite resources that will eventually dwindle, becoming too expensive or too environmentally damaging to retrieve. In contrast, the many types of renewable energy resources-such as wind and solar energy-are constantly replenished and will never run out.
- Track 3-1 Economic trends
- Track 3-2 Growth of renewables
- Track 3-3 Hydroelectricity
- Track 3-4 Wind power development
- Track 3-5 Solar thermal
- Track 3-6 Photovoltaic development
- Track 3-7 Photovoltaic power stations
Agricultural development includes technological and institutional change as factors endogenous to the economic system. Modern agronomy, plant breeding, agrochemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers, and technological developments have in many cases sharply increased yields from cultivation, but at the same time have caused widespread ecological damage and negative human health effects. Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry have similarly increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal welfare and the health effects of the antibiotics, growth hormones, and other chemicals commonly used in industrial meat production. Genetically modified organisms are an increasing component of agriculture, although they are banned in several countries. The UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) operates a section devoted to agribusiness development which seeks to promote food industry growth in developing nations. Examples of agribusinesses include seed and agrichemical producers like Dow Agro Sciences, DuPont, Monsanto, and Syngenta; AB Agri (part of Associated British Foods) animal feeds, biofuels, and micro-ingredients, ADM, grain transport and processing; John Deere, farm machinery producer; Ocean Spray, farmer's cooperative; and Purina Farms, agritourism farm.
- Track 4-1 Agricultural Engineering
- Track 4-2 Agricultural Advanced Machines
- Track 4-3 Impacts on Nutrition
- Track 4-4 Quality and resource use efficiency
- Track 4-5 Agricultural marketing
- Track 4-6 Industrial agriculture
- Track 4-7 Land banking
Soils account for the largest terrestrial pool of carbon and have the potential for even greater quantities of carbon sequestration. Typical soil carbon (C) stocks used in global carbon models only account for the upper 1 meter of soil. Inorganic fertilizers are generally less expensive and have higher concentrations of nutrients than organic fertilizers. Also, since nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium generally must be in the inorganic forms to be taken up by plants, inorganic fertilizers are generally immediately bioavailable to plants without modification. Continuous use of acidic or salty synthetic fertilizers, insecticides, fungicides and herbicides disrupts the delicate balance between the three components of soil fertility. Competing land uses and extensive degradation are rapidly depleting the amounts of soils and water available for food production. Technologies in soil remediation or soil washing are being developed to remove anthropogenic contaminants from soils in an effort to benefit commercial agriculture and wild flora and fauna. Soil is the basis for agriculture and farming.
- Track 5-1 Nutrients in soil and their functions in plants
- Track 5-2 Soil Quality
- Track 5-3 Soil Degradation
- Track 5-4 Soil Pollution Control
- Track 5-5 Approaches for Maintenance of Soil Quality
- Track 5-6 Policy Measures to Improve Soil Quality
Ecological quality incorporates the common habitat and additionally the fabricated condition, for example, air and water virtue or contamination, commotion and the potential impacts which such attributes may have on physical and mental health. Environmental Toxicology focussed on faunal groups (fish, mollusks, insects and crustaceans). Specific foci include endocrine toxicology, nuclear receptors, thermal biology, toxicology and physiology of metals, conservation biology, and the environmental fate of chemicals (chemical speciation, sampling and analytical methods, bioavailability). It Provide a platform to public and entrepreneurs to address queries and concerns regarding safety/toxicity of chemicals, additives and products.
- Track 6-1 Human Exposure
- Track 6-2 Bio-response and Ecotoxicology
- Track 6-3 Bioavailability and Bio-accumulation
- Track 6-4 Microbiology and Microbial Degradation
- Track 6-5 Bio-fuel development
Environmental chemistry includes how the uncontaminated condition functions, which chemicals in what fixations are available normally, and with what impacts. Without this it is difficult to precisely consider the impacts people have on nature through the arrival of chemicals. Environmental chemists draw on a scope of ideas from science and different natural sciences to aid their investigation of what is occurring to a compound animal groups in the earth. Vital general ideas from science incorporate understanding concoction responses and conditions, arrangements, units, testing, and diagnostic system.
- Track 7-1 Environmental Segments
- Track 7-2 Toxic Chemicals in Environment
- Track 7-3 Thermal and visual pollution
- Track 7-4 Control Techniques for pollutants
- Track 7-5 Organic Chemistry
Environmental engineering can also be described as a branch of applied science and technology that addresses the issues of energy preservation, protection of assets and control of waste from human and animal activities. Furthermore, it is concerned with finding plausible solutions in the field of public health, such as waterborne diseases, implementing laws which promote adequate sanitation in urban, rural and recreational areas. It involves waste water management, air pollution control, recycling, waste disposal, radiation protection, industrial hygiene, animal agriculture, environmental sustainability, public health and environmental engineering law. It also includes studies on the environmental impact of proposed construction projects.
- Track 8-1 Carbon Abatement Technologies
- Track 8-2 Solid waste management
- Track 8-3 Hazardous/E-waste management
- Track 8-4 Industrial Waste Treatment and Waste Minimization
- Track 8-5 Radioactive Waste
Environmental Bio-Physics is to describe the physical microenvironment in which living organisms reside and to present a simplified discussion of heat and mass transfer models and apply them to exchange processes between organisms and their surroundings.
- Track 9-1 Radiation Fluxes in Natural Environments
- Track 9-2 Energy Exchange
- Track 9-3 Mass and Momentum Transport
Environmental health is focused on the natural and built environments for the benefit of human health. Research in the environmental health field tries to limit the harmful exposures through natural things such as soil, water, air food, etc are interested in enforcing environmental and public health laws; are concerned with making workers’ jobs as free from hazards as possible; and want to work to ensure a sustainable, high quality of life for future generations.
- Track 10-1 Conditions and Diseases
- Track 10-2 Environmental Agents
- Track 10-3 Assesment of Environmental Contamination
- Track 10-4 Environmental Rules and Regulation
- Track 10-5 Food Safety and Vector-borne Disease Control
- Track 10-6 Bioterrorism and Emerging Infectious Diseases
Ecological law is an unpredictable gathering of laws and controls which work to direct the connection of human life to the regular habitat. Natural laws comprise of bargains, traditions, statutes and directions. Regularly ecological law falls under custom-based law. The reason for ecological law is to secure and save the earth. There are two primary subjects of ecological laws, control of contamination, and the preservation and administration of land. Environmental laws need to consider everything, from the air we breathe to the natural resources we rely on to the plants and animals that share this world with us. The federal Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) Act, administered by the Department of the Environment, covers the assessment and approval process of national environmental and cultural concerns.
- Track 11-1 Environmental Provisions
- Track 11-2 Hazardous Wates ( Management & Handling)
- Track 11-3 Wildlife Protection
- Track 11-4 Forest Conservation
- Track 11-5 Anti-Pollution: Acts & Amendments
- Track 11-6 Environmental Protection Act
- Track 11-7 Plant Protection
- Track 11-8 Fertilizers â€“ Use and Legislation
- Track 11-9 Public Liability Insurance
Environment Technology is utilized to portray supportable vitality era innovations, for example, photovoltaics, wind turbines, bioreactors, and so forth. Manageable advancement is the centre of ecological advances. The term natural advancements are additionally used to portray a class of electronic gadgets that can advance economical administration of assets. Focusing on the development of clean and innovative technological solutions and their markets, the goal is to address energy and environment related challenges, especially those facing the developing world. For this it relies on global collaborations and multidisciplinary approaches together with its rich knowledge base gained through developing suitable solutions for diverse applications and user groups.
- Track 12-1 Electric Cars
- Track 12-2 Biofuels
- Track 12-3 Biomaterials
- Track 12-4 Organic batteries
- Track 12-5 Nuclear innovations
- Track 12-6 Solution-focused GPS
- Track 12-7 Crowdsourcing
- Track 12-8 Tree root protection
Environmental impact assessments are intended to identify the potential impacts of a project in the early planning stages, as well as any alternatives or mitigation measures. The environmental planning assessments encompass areas such as land use, socio-economics, transportation, economic and housing characteristics, air pollution, noise pollution, the wetlands, habitat of the endangered species, flood zones susceptibility, coastal zones erosion, and visual studies among others, and is referred to as an Integrated environmental planning assessment. It is the ability to analyze environmental issues that will facilitate critical decision making. A major goal of environmental planning is to create sustainable communities, which aim to conserve and protect undeveloped land.
- Track 13-1 EIA as Management Tool
- Track 13-2 Environmental Audit
- Track 13-3 Environmental Economics
- Track 13-4 Environmental Planning
- Track 13-5 Demographic Consideration
- Track 13-6 Development Indices
Natural Biostatistics concentrates on measurable and logical research issues in the zone of the earth and wellbeing and incorporates ecological wellbeing, prescription, climatic demonstrating, the study of disease transmission, and biostatistics. Environmental statistics is a wide teach extending from how and what to test, through to demonstrating impacts on human and biological community wellbeing and eventually to giving forecasts of what changes may occur in future. Measurable system being utilized incorporate time arrangement investigation, spatial displaying, Bayesian strategies, wavelet examination, outrageous esteem demonstrating and non-parametric (especially relapse and added substance) modelling.
- Track 14-1 Tabular Form of Data Presentation
- Track 14-2 Basics Laws of Probability
- Track 14-3 Regression Analysis
- Track 14-4 Random Variable and Probability Distribution
- Track 14-5 Current Enforcement Statistics
- Track 14-6 Beach Water Quality Trendlines
- Track 14-7 Noise Exposure Statistics