The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Earth and EenvironmentalSciences cover all aspects of Earth and planetary sciences, and broadly encompasses solid Earth processes, surface and atmospheric dynamics, Earth system history, climate change, marine and freshwater systems, and ecology. It also considers the interactions between humans and these systems. Current research includes: Understanding astronomical forcing of climate change records as recorded in oceanic sediments, Change in the magnitude and mechanisms of global temperature variability with warming , Biogeochemical cycling of stable isotopes and elements in marine and terrestrial systems, applying geochemical methods for conducting societally relevant research and many more. Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as evidenced by increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, the widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea level. The scientific opinion is expressed in synthesis reports, by scientific bodies of national or international standing, and by surveys of opinion among climate scientists.
- Track 1-1Climate change impacts on agriculture
- Track 1-2Effects of CO2 on plant growth
- Track 1-3E-Gain forecasting
- Track 1-4Impacts of Toxicology
- Track 1-5Climate Hazards
- Track 1-6Ecosystem based adaptation
- Track 1-7Land banking
- Track 1-8Irrigation
- Track 1-9Fossil fuels
In the scientific study Restoration ecology is the practice of renewing and restoring degraded, damaged, or destroyed ecosystems and habitats in the environment by active human intervention and action. There is consensus in the scientific community that the current environmental degradation and destruction of many of the Earth's biota is considerable and is taking place on a "catastrophically short timescale". Estimates of the current extinction rate is 1,000 to 10,000 times more than the normal rate. For many people, biological diversity, (biodiversity) has an intrinsic value that humans have a responsibility towards other living things and an obligation to future generations. Current research includes : A synthesis of soil carbon and nitrogen recovery after wetland restoration and creation in the United States, Comparing the plant diversity between artificial forest and nature growth forest, Deep carbon storage potential of buried floodplain soils etc.
- Track 2-1Causes of Environmental Degradation
- Track 2-2Consequences of Environmental Degradation
- Track 2-3Restoration of Degraded Ecosystems
- Track 2-4Forest Lands
- Track 2-5Restoration of Agricultural Lands
Renewable energy - wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric, and biomass which provides substantial benefits for our climate, our health, and our economy. The United States currently relies heavily on coal, oil, and natural gas for its energy. Fossil fuels are non-renewable, that is, they draw on finite resources that will eventually dwindle, becoming too expensive or too environmentally damaging to retrieve. In contrast, the many types of renewable energy resources-such as wind and solar energy-are constantly replenished and will never run out.
- Track 3-1Growth of renewables
- Track 3-2Economic trends
- Track 3-3Hydroelectricity
- Track 3-4Wind power development
- Track 3-5Solar thermal
- Track 3-6Photovoltaic development
- Track 3-7Photovoltaic power stations
Agricultural development includes technological and institutional change as factors endogenous to the economic system. Modern agronomy, plant breeding, agrochemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers, and technological developments have in many cases sharply increased yields from cultivation, but at the same time have caused widespread ecological damage and negative human health effects. Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry have similarly increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal welfare and the health effects of the antibiotics, growth hormones, and other chemicals commonly used in industrial meat production. Genetically modified organisms are an increasing component of agriculture, although they are banned in several countries. The UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) operates a section devoted to agribusiness development which seeks to promote food industry growth in developing nations. Examples of agribusinesses include seed and agrichemical producers like Dow Agro Sciences, DuPont, Monsanto, and Syngenta; AB Agri (part of Associated British Foods) animal feeds, biofuels, and micro-ingredients, ADM, grain transport and processing; John Deere, farm machinery producer; Ocean Spray, farmer's cooperative; and Purina Farms, agritourism farm
- Track 4-1Agricultural Engineering
- Track 4-2Agricultural Advanced Machines
- Track 4-3Impacts on Nutrition
- Track 4-4Quality and resource use efficiency
- Track 4-5Agricultural marketing
- Track 4-6Industrial agriculture
Soils account for the largest terrestrial pool of carbon and have the potential for even greater quantities of carbon sequestration. Typical soil carbon (C) stocks used in global carbon models only account for the upper 1 meter of soil. Inorganic fertilizers are generally less expensive and have higher concentrations of nutrients than organic fertilizers. Also, since nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium generally must be in the inorganic forms to be taken up by plants, inorganic fertilizers are generally immediately bioavailable to plants without modification. Continuous use of acidic or salty synthetic fertilizers, insecticides, fungicides and herbicides disrupts the delicate balance between the three components of soil fertility. Competing land uses and extensive degradation are rapidly depleting the amounts of soils and water available for food production. Technologies in soil remediation or soil washing are being developed to remove anthropogenic contaminants from soils in an effort to benefit commercial agriculture and wild flora and fauna. Soil is the basis for agriculture and farming.
- Track 5-1Nutrients in soil and their functions in plants
- Track 5-2Soil Quality
- Track 5-3Soil Degradation
- Track 5-4Soil Pollution Control
- Track 5-5Approaches for Maintenance of Soil Quality
- Track 5-6Policy Measures to Improve Soil Quality
Ecological quality incorporates the common habitat and additionally the fabricated condition, for example, air and water virtue or contamination, commotion and the potential impacts which such attributes may have on physical and mental health. Environmental Toxicology focused on faunal groups (fish, mollusks, insects and crustaceans). Specific foci include endocrine toxicology, nuclear receptors, thermal biology, toxicology and physiology of metals, conservation biology, and the environmental fate of chemicals (chemical speciation, sampling and analytical methods, bioavailability). It Provides a platform to public and entrepreneurs to address queries and concerns regarding safety/toxicity of chemicals, additives and products.
- Track 6-1Human Exposure
- Track 6-2Bio-response and Ecotoxicology
- Track 6-3Bioavailability and Bio-accumulation
- Track 6-4Microbiology and Microbial Degradation
- Track 6-5Bio-fuel development
Environmental chemistry includes how the uncontaminated condition functions, which chemicals in what fixations are available normally, and with what impacts. Without this it is difficult to precisely consider the impacts people have on nature through the arrival of chemicals. Environmental chemists draw on a scope of ideas from science and different natural sciences to aid their investigation of what is occurring to a compound animal groups in the earth. Vital general ideas from science incorporate understanding concoction responses and conditions, arrangements, units, testing, and diagnostic system.
- Track 7-1Environmental Segments
- Track 7-2Toxic Chemicals in Environment
- Track 7-3Thermal and visual pollution
- Track 7-4Control Techniques for pollutants
Environmental engineering can also be described as a branch of applied science and technology that addresses the issues of energy preservation, protection of assets and control of waste from human and animal activities. Furthermore, it is concerned with finding plausible solutions in the field of public health, such as waterborne diseases, implementing laws which promote adequate sanitation in urban, rural and recreational areas. It involves waste water management, air pollution control, recycling, waste disposal, radiation protection, industrial hygiene, animal agriculture, environmental sustainability, public health and environmental engineering law. It also includes studies on the environmental impact of proposed construction projects.
- Track 8-1EIA as Management Tool
- Track 8-2Environmental Audit
- Track 8-3Environmental Economics
- Track 8-4Environmental Planning
- Track 8-5Demographic Consideration
- Track 8-6Development Indices
Natural Biostatistics concentrates on measurable and logical research issues in the zone of the earth and wellbeing and incorporates ecological wellbeing, prescription, climatic demonstrating, the study of disease transmission, and biostatistics. Environmental statistics is a wide teach extending from how and what to test, through to demonstrating impacts on human and biological community wellbeing and eventually to giving forecasts of what changes may occur in future. Measurable system being utilized incorporate time arrangement investigation, spatial displaying, Bayesian strategies, wavelet examination, outrageous esteem demonstrating and non-parametric (especially relapse and added substance) modelling.
- Track 9-1Tabular Form of Data Presentation
- Track 9-2Basics Laws of Probability
- Track 9-3Regression Analysis
- Track 9-4Random Variable and Probability Distribution
- Track 9-5Current Enforcement Statistics
- Track 9-6Beach Water Quality Trendlines
- Track 9-7Noise Exposure Statistics
Ecological law is an unpredictable gathering of laws and controls which work to direct the connection of human life to the regular habitat. Natural laws comprise of bargains, traditions, statutes and directions. Regularly ecological law falls under custom-based law. The reason for ecological law is to secure and save the earth. There are two primary subjects of ecological laws, control of contamination, and the preservation and administration of land. Environmental laws need to consider everything, from the air we breathe to the natural resources we rely on to the plants and animals that share this world with us. The federal Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) Act, administered by the Department of the Environment, covers the assessment and approval process of national environmental and cultural concerns.
- Track 10-1Environmental impact assessment
- Track 10-2Waste management law
- Track 10-3Environmental cleanup law
- Track 10-4Mining law
- Track 10-5Forestry law
- Track 10-6Fisheries law
- Track 10-7Hazardous Wastes ( Management & Handling
- Track 10-8Wildlife Protection
- Track 10-9Forest Conservation
- Track 10-10Anti-Pollution: Acts & Amendments
- Track 10-11Environmental Protection Act
- Track 10-12Plant Protection
- Track 10-13Fertilizers â€“ Use and Legislation
- Track 10-14Public Liability Insurance
Environment Technology is utilized to portray supportable vitality era innovations, for example, photovoltaics, wind turbines, bioreactors, and so forth. Manageable advancement is the centre of ecological advances. The term natural advancements are additionally used to portray a class of electronic gadgets that can advance economical administration of assets. Focusing on the development of clean and innovative technological solutions and their markets, the goal is to address energy and environment related challenges, especially those facing the developing world. For this it relies on global collaborations and multidisciplinary approaches together with its rich knowledge base gained through developing suitable solutions for diverse applications and user groups.
- Track 11-1Electric Cars
- Track 11-2Biofuels
- Track 11-3Biomaterials
- Track 11-4Organic batteries
- Track 11-5Nuclear innovations
- Track 11-6Solution-focused GPS
- Track 11-7Crowdsourcing
- Track 11-8Tree root protection
It is the allow of material, in any physical state, that is harmful to the environment or human health. Many of industrialized and developing countries, and many international organizations, have developed maximum exposure values for pollutants. Many control atmospheric release keep their levels conflict with environmental equilibrium and human health. With respect to climate change, environmental pollution is the defining issue: limiting anthropogenic greenhouse-gas emissions is recognized by scientists as fundamental to make the effects of global climate change. And these Environmental pollution causes In different ways such as Air, water, soil,marine etc…..
- Track 12-1Water Pollution
- Track 12-2Air Pollution
- Track 12-3Soil Pollution
- Track 12-4Thermal Pollution
- Track 12-5Radioactive Pollution
- Track 12-6Noise Pollution
- Track 12-7Marine Pollution
- Track 12-8Nuclear Wastes Hazards
- Track 12-9Solid Waste Pollution
- Track 12-10Role of Individual in Prevention of pollution
- Track 12-11Pollution Case Studies
It mainly includes climate change, Environmental degradation and depletion of resources etc.. and key aspects of sustainable development will help to overcomes the social issues like stop overuse and reduce the impacts and maintain the ecological balance etc. It is a practise of protecting natural environment on individual , organization level as well as governmental levels. For Benefits of both the Environment and humans.And sustainability is key to eradicate the Environmental issues .
- Track 13-1Concept of Sustainable Development
- Track 13-2Urban Problems Related to Energy
- Track 13-3Water Conservation
- Track 13-4Resettlement and Rehabilitation
- Track 13-5Acid Rains
- Track 13-6Nuclear Accidents and Holocaust
- Track 13-7Waste land Reclamation
- Track 13-8Ozone layer Depletion
- Track 13-9Consumerism and Waste Products
It Refers wide Variety of life on the earth, as the variety and variability among all groups of living organisms and the ecosystem in which they live and generally refers to the variety and variability of life on the earth. The main threats to our biodiversity are loss, fragmentation and degradation of habit and the biodiversity conversation identify locations of critical wildlife habitat species at risk and threats to these areas.The more diversity an area has , the healthier it is because it supports a large number of animal and plant species. Understanding biodiversity is important for the environment, as well as people and medicine as we will explore.
- Track 14-1Bio Diversity conservation : Case studies
- Track 14-2Importance/Uses of Biodiversity
- Track 14-3Value of Biodiversity
- Track 14-4Biodiversity Conservation
- Track 14-5Biodiversity Loss
- Track 14-6Threats of Biodiversity
- Track 14-7Fragility of Biodiversity
- Track 14-8Global Biodiversity Hot-spots
- Track 14-9Factors affecting Biodiversity with community
Environmental geology is the branch of geology that is associated with the interactions between humans and the geologic environment. Environmental geology is essentially a way of applying geologic knowledge to identify, rectify, and hopefully prevent, environmental problems from occurring as a result of people. It is like hydrogeology, Environmental geology is an applied science agitated with the practical application of the principles of geology in the solving of environmental problems. It is a multidisciplinary field that is closely connected to engineering geology and, to a lesser extent, to environmental geography and it includes fossil fuels, minerals, water and land use etc..
- Track 15-1The Geosphere and Health
- Track 15-2Phenomena at the Land /Ocean Interface
- Track 15-3Waste Disposal and the Geosphere
- Track 15-4Effects of Human Activities
- Track 15-5Effects of Ice
- Track 15-6Extraction and Mining
- Track 15-7Geospheric Sources and Useful Minerals
- Track 15-8Evaluation of Mineral resources
- Track 15-9Earthquakes
- Track 15-10Volcanoes
Aquatic Biology is a branch of biology that deals with a scientific discipline that carries out all life forms that occupy oceans and freshwater. Aquatic Biology is a sub-discipline of biology that works on concerned with the freshwater ecosystems of our planet. It is a study on Wetlands , rivers, lakes and ponds and river mouths.
Aquatic microbiology is the science that deals with microscopic living organisms in fresh or saltwater systems. that including microscopic plants and animals, it more commonly refers to the study of bacteria, viruses, and fungi and their relation to other organisms in the aquatic environment.
- Track 16-1Aquatic Life
- Track 16-2Micro organisms In Water
- Track 16-3Microbial Degradation of Organic Matter
- Track 16-4Life In the Ocean
- Track 16-5Micro organisms and Elemental Transitions
- Track 16-6Acid -Base Phenomena in Aquatic Chemistry
- Track 16-7Phase Interactions and Solubility
- Track 16-8Oxidation and Reduction
The Civil Engineering profession is dealing with the built environment. Civil engineers plan, design, and construct major facilities, including highways, transit systems, airports, dams, water and wastewater treatment systems, tunnels, energy facilities, harbors, canals, buildings, and bridges.
Because these functions are often crucial to the day-to-day lives of most people and the facilities involved are physically substantial, civil engineers bear an important responsibility to the public. Their role is often more than just technical, requiring also a high degree of communicative skills and an ability to deal with people.
- Track 17-1Construction Engineering
- Track 17-2Geotechnical Engineering
- Track 17-3Coastal Engineering. ...
- Track 17-4Transportation Engineering
- Track 17-5Water Resource Engineering
- Track 17-6Environmental Engineering
- Track 17-7Material Engineering
- Track 17-8Earthquake Engineering
Environmental pollution and agriculture refers to biotic and abiotic by-products of farming practices that result in polluting or degradation of the environment and surrounding ecosystems, and cause injury to humans and their economic interests. The pollution may create from different sources, ranging from point source pollution to more diffuse, landscape-level causes, also known as non-point source pollution. Management techniques which arise from animal management and housing to lay out pesticides and fertilizers in global agricultural practices
- Track 18-1Agricultural impacts on Environment improvement
- Track 18-2Effects on human health
- Track 18-3Agricultural pollution
- Track 18-4Surface water pollution
- Track 18-5Aquatic weeds
- Track 18-6Fertilizer
- Track 18-7Pesticides in drinking water
- Track 18-8Surface Earth Movement