The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Earth and environmental sciences cover all aspects of Earth and planetary sciences, and broadly encompasses solid Earth processes, surface and atmospheric dynamics, Earth system history, climate change, marine and freshwater systems, and ecology. It also considers the interactions between humans and these systems. Current research includes: Understanding astronomical forcing of climate change records as recorded in oceanic sediments, Change in the magnitude and mechanisms of global temperature variability with warming , Biogeochemical cycling of stable isotopes and elements in marine and terrestrial systems, applying geochemical methods for conducting societally relevant research and many more. Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as evidenced by increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, the widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea level. The scientific opinion is expressed in synthesis reports, by scientific bodies of national or international standing, and by surveys of opinion among climate scientists.
- Track 1-1Climate change impacts on agriculture
- Track 1-2Effects of CO2 on plant growth
- Track 1-3E-Gain forecasting
- Track 1-4Impacts of Toxicology
- Track 1-5Climate Hazards
- Track 1-6Ecosystem based adaptation
- Track 1-7Land banking
In the scientific study Restoration ecology is the practice of renewing and restoring degraded, damaged, or destroyed ecosystems and habitats in the environment by active human intervention and action. There is consensus in the scientific community that the current environmental degradation and destruction of many of the Earth's biota is considerable and is taking place on a "catastrophically short timescale". Estimates of the current extinction rate is 1,000 to 10,000 times more than the normal rate. For many people, biological diversity, (biodiversity) has an intrinsic value that humans have a responsibility towards other living things and an obligation to future generations. Current research includes : A synthesis of soil carbon and nitrogen recovery after wetland restoration and creation in the United States, Comparing the plant diversity between artificial forest and nature growth forest, Deep carbon storage potential of buried floodplain soils etc.
- Track 2-1Causes of Environmental Degradation
- Track 2-2Consequences of Environmental Degradation
- Track 2-3Restoration of Degraded Ecosystems
- Track 2-4Forest Lands
- Track 2-5Restoration of Agricultural Lands
Renewable energy - wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric, and biomass which provides substantial benefits for our climate, our health, and our economy. The United States currently relies heavily on coal, oil, and natural gas for its energy. Fossil fuels are non-renewable, that is, they draw on finite resources that will eventually dwindle, becoming too expensive or too environmentally damaging to retrieve. In contrast, the many types of renewable energy resources-such as wind and solar energy-are constantly replenished and will never run out.
- Track 3-1Growth of renewables
- Track 3-2Economic trends
- Track 3-3Hydroelectricity
- Track 3-4Wind power development
- Track 3-5Solar thermal
- Track 3-6Photovoltaic development
- Track 3-7Photovoltaic power stations
Agricultural development includes technological and institutional change as factors endogenous to the economic system. Modern agronomy, plant breeding, agrochemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers, and technological developments have in many cases sharply increased yields from cultivation, but at the same time have caused widespread ecological damage and negative human health effects. Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry have similarly increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal welfare and the health effects of the antibiotics, growth hormones, and other chemicals commonly used in industrial meat production. Genetically modified organisms are an increasing component of agriculture, although they are banned in several countries. The UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) operates a section devoted to agribusiness development which seeks to promote food industry growth in developing nations. Examples of agribusinesses include seed and agrichemical producers like Dow Agro Sciences, DuPont, Monsanto, and Syngenta; AB Agri (part of Associated British Foods) animal feeds, biofuels, and micro-ingredients, ADM, grain transport and processing; John Deere, farm machinery producer; Ocean Spray, farmer's cooperative; and Purina Farms, agritourism farm.
- Track 4-1Agricultural Engineering
- Track 4-2Agricultural Advanced Machines
- Track 4-3Impacts on Nutrition
- Track 4-4Quality and resource use efficiency
- Track 4-5Agricultural marketing
- Track 4-6Industrial agriculture
Soils account for the largest terrestrial pool of carbon and have the potential for even greater quantities of carbon sequestration. Typical soil carbon (C) stocks used in global carbon models only account for the upper 1 meter of soil. Inorganic fertilizers are generally less expensive and have higher concentrations of nutrients than organic fertilizers. Also, since nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium generally must be in the inorganic forms to be taken up by plants, inorganic fertilizers are generally immediately bioavailable to plants without modification. Continuous use of acidic or salty synthetic fertilizers, insecticides, fungicides and herbicides disrupts the delicate balance between the three components of soil fertility. Competing land uses and extensive degradation are rapidly depleting the amounts of soils and water available for food production. Technologies in soil remediation or soil washing are being developed to remove anthropogenic contaminants from soils in an effort to benefit commercial agriculture and wild flora and fauna. Soil is the basis for agriculture and farming.
- Track 5-1Nutrients in soil and their functions in plants
- Track 5-2Soil Quality
- Track 5-3Soil Degradation
- Track 5-4Soil Pollution Control
- Track 5-5Approaches for Maintenance of Soil Quality
- Track 5-6Policy Measures to Improve Soil Quality
Ecological quality incorporates the common habitat and additionally the fabricated condition, for example, air and water virtue or contamination, commotion and the potential impacts which such attributes may have on physical and mental health. Environmental Toxicology focused on faunal groups (fish, mollusks, insects and crustaceans). Specific foci include endocrine toxicology, nuclear receptors, thermal biology, toxicology and physiology of metals, conservation biology, and the environmental fate of chemicals (chemical speciation, sampling and analytical methods, bioavailability). It Provides a platform to public and entrepreneurs to address queries and concerns regarding safety/toxicity of chemicals, additives and products.
- Track 6-1Human Exposure
- Track 6-2Bio-response and Ecotoxicology
- Track 6-3Bioavailability and Bio-accumulation
- Track 6-4Microbiology and Microbial Degradation
- Track 6-5Bio-fuel development
Environmental chemistry includes how the uncontaminated condition functions, which chemicals in what fixations are available normally, and with what impacts. Without this it is difficult to precisely consider the impacts people have on nature through the arrival of chemicals. Environmental chemists draw on a scope of ideas from science and different natural sciences to aid their investigation of what is occurring to a compound animal groups in the earth. Vital general ideas from science incorporate understanding concoction responses and conditions, arrangements, units, testing, and diagnostic system.
- Track 7-1Environmental Segments
- Track 7-2Toxic Chemicals in Environment
- Track 7-3Thermal and visual pollution
- Track 7-4Control Techniques for pollutants
Environmental engineering can also be described as a branch of applied science and technology that addresses the issues of energy preservation, protection of assets and control of waste from human and animal activities. Furthermore, it is concerned with finding plausible solutions in the field of public health, such as waterborne diseases, implementing laws which promote adequate sanitation in urban, rural and recreational areas. It involves waste water management, air pollution control, recycling, waste disposal, radiation protection, industrial hygiene, animal agriculture, environmental sustainability, public health and environmental engineering law. It also includes studies on the environmental impact of proposed construction projects.
- Track 8-1EIA as Management Tool
- Track 8-2Environmental Audit
- Track 8-3Environmental Economics
- Track 8-4Environmental Planning
- Track 8-5Demographic Consideration
- Track 8-6Development Indices
Natural Biostatistics concentrates on measurable and logical research issues in the zone of the earth and wellbeing and incorporates ecological wellbeing, prescription, climatic demonstrating, the study of disease transmission, and biostatistics. Environmental statistics is a wide teach extending from how and what to test, through to demonstrating impacts on human and biological community wellbeing and eventually to giving forecasts of what changes may occur in future. Measurable system being utilized incorporate time arrangement investigation, spatial displaying, Bayesian strategies, wavelet examination, outrageous esteem demonstrating and non-parametric (especially relapse and added substance) modelling.
- Track 9-1Tabular Form of Data Presentation
- Track 9-2Basics Laws of Probability
- Track 9-3Regression Analysis
- Track 9-4Random Variable and Probability Distribution
- Track 9-5Current Enforcement Statistics
- Track 9-6Beach Water Quality Trendlines
- Track 9-7Noise Exposure Statistics
Ecological law is an unpredictable gathering of laws and controls which work to direct the connection of human life to the regular habitat. Natural laws comprise of bargains, traditions, statutes and directions. Regularly ecological law falls under custom-based law. The reason for ecological law is to secure and save the earth. There are two primary subjects of ecological laws, control of contamination, and the preservation and administration of land. Environmental laws need to consider everything, from the air we breathe to the natural resources we rely on to the plants and animals that share this world with us. The federal Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) Act, administered by the Department of the Environment, covers the assessment and approval process of national environmental and cultural concerns.
- Track 10-1Environmental impact assessment
- Track 10-2Waste management law
- Track 10-3Environmental cleanup law
- Track 10-4Mining law
- Track 10-5Forestry law
- Track 10-6Fisheries law
- Track 10-7Hazardous Wastes ( Management & Handling
- Track 10-8Wildlife Protection
- Track 10-9Forest Conservation
- Track 10-10Anti-Pollution: Acts & Amendments
- Track 10-11Environmental Protection Act
- Track 10-12Plant Protection
- Track 10-13Fertilizers â€“ Use and Legislation
- Track 10-14Public Liability Insurance
Environment Technology is utilized to portray supportable vitality era innovations, for example, photovoltaics, wind turbines, bioreactors, and so forth. Manageable advancement is the centre of ecological advances. The term natural advancements are additionally used to portray a class of electronic gadgets that can advance economical administration of assets. Focusing on the development of clean and innovative technological solutions and their markets, the goal is to address energy and environment related challenges, especially those facing the developing world. For this it relies on global collaborations and multidisciplinary approaches together with its rich knowledge base gained through developing suitable solutions for diverse applications and user groups.
- Track 11-1Electric Cars
- Track 11-2Biofuels
- Track 11-3Biomaterials
- Track 11-4Organic batteries
- Track 11-5Nuclear innovations
- Track 11-6Solution-focused GPS
- Track 11-7Crowdsourcing
- Track 11-8Tree root protection