Wildlife Conservation

Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting wild species and their habitats in order to prevent species from going extinct. The main concern is to preserve the habitats so that the future generations of wildlife and even humans can enjoy it. One of the most vital roles of wildlife conservation to humans is food security. Through the protection of forests against deforestation as well as restoring natural habitats, economic opportunities would rise. Moreover, wildlife conservation helps in promoting agricultural diversity. Major threats to wildlife include:

  • habitat destruction
  • degradation
  • fragmentation
  • overexploitation
  • poaching
  • hunting
  • pollution and
  • climate change.

Causes of Extinction of Wildlife and Its Conservation

Loss of habitat.

Loss of mobility.

Limitation of expansion of vegetation.

International trade. The trade of some items of wild origin such as animals’ fur, bones, tusks, musk or as orchids, medicinal plants resulted in the decline of wild animals and plants.